It’s Time for a Housing Preservation Bond – YES on C!

3 10 2016
Photo courtesy of SF Examiner.

Photo courtesy of SF Examiner.

Our latest op-ed in The Examiner.  Read the original article here.

It’s been 27 years since San Francisco was hit with the magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake in the middle of the World Series between the Giants and the A’s, leaving neighborhoods in crisis and many people displaced from their homes.

We recovered and rebuilt, but today we face another housing threat of nearly equal magnitude, this time from displacements and evictions. The housing crisis threatens to change the face of The City, but if we take action now, we can confront displacement head on and simultaneously prepare our aging residential buildings for the next physical earthquake.

Proposition C, the Housing Preservation Bond on November’s ballot, expands the eligible uses from a 1992 seismic safety bond to include both the rehabilitation of other “at-risk” multi-unit buildings, and to allow nonprofit developers to acquire and preserve these at-risk buildings as permanently affordable housing. This will free up almost $261 million in unallocated funding.

How will this help the housing crisis?

The Housing Preservation Bond will address the hundreds of multi-unit residential buildings that today are in need of seismic, fire, health or safety upgrades. Failure to rehabilitate these buildings is a threat to both building residents and to the surrounding neighborhoods. There are at-risk residential buildings in all districts of The City, such as the hundreds of “soft story” wood-frame buildings at risk of structural failure during an earthquake, or the many apartments at risk of fires due to substandard electrical wiring.

As critical as its implications for life and safety, Prop. C is also an urgent anti-displacement initiative, providing stability for tenants by funding the preservation of small apartment buildings. Many of these tenants are facing Ellis Act evictions, buy-out evictions or tenant harassment.

Like last June’s Prop. C, this is a measure aimed at serving a broad range of San Franciscans, as it would stabilize families living in both middle- and low-income rent-controlled housing. The Housing Preservation Bond will make our city and tenants safer and protect and preserve dense affordable units in perpetuity.

Building on what works

Tomorrow, the San Francisco Community Land Trust will celebrate the 10th anniversary of its first acquisition, at 53 Columbus Ave., which preserved 21 at-risk homes and guaranteed stability to Chinese immigrant households who now own their building as a housing cooperative.

Under The City’s new Small Sites Program, nonprofits like the Community Land Trust and Mission Economic Development Agency have acquired buildings in the Richmond, Western Addition, South of Market, Mission and Castro neighborhoods, rehabbing them with soft-story retrofits, foundation upgrades, removal of toxic storage tanks and new sprinkler systems. The Chinatown Community Development Center is working to protect residential hotels in Chinatown, North Beach and Tenderloin neighborhoods, and the San Francisco Housing Development Corporation is exploring prospects for small apartment acquisitions in the Bayview neighborhood. The nonprofit affordable housing organizations are poised to expand this successful acquisition program — but The City is hampered by a lack of dedicated funding. Prop. C will be a critical boost for expansion, up to $30 million per year to the acquisition program.

Prop. C accomplishes this without any increased costs to taxpayers. Instead of new taxes, Prop. C amends the previous measure approved by San Franciscans in 1992 and simply expands the scope of those authorized funds. No new bonding capacity would be created beyond what was previously authorized, so it would not impact The City’s property tax rate. Further, Prop. C would bring the original bond up to today’s greater standards of oversight and transparency to ensure taxpayer accountability.

The Housing Preservation Bond is a win-win for our city’s tenants, neighborhoods and affordable housing. We cannot afford to wait out the devastation of the housing affordability earthquake without taking action now. Please join nonprofit affordable housing organizations, the mayor and all members of the Board of Supervisors, and vote Yes on C.

Decoding the Ballot with Diamond Dave

15 09 2016

213px-Mutiny-RadioCCHO co-director Fernando Martí in conversation with Diamond Dave Whitaker and Valerie Ibarra on last Friday’s Common Thread Collective podcast on Mutiny Radio, about the good, the bad, and the ugly in this year’s alphabet soup of San Francisco ballot measures. Among the Good: YES on Props C, M and X. And the Bad and Ugly: NO on Props P, U, Q and R.

Listen to our segment here (it’s between 1hr28 and 2hr).

Just Released! The Filtering Fallacy — An Infographic

12 09 2016

Behind a number of the recently proposed policy “solutions” to San Francisco’s housing crisis is the theory of “filtering.”  Understanding why these policies that rely on market-rate housing and deregulation won’t actually make housing more affordable requires a closer examination of this filtering theory, which could also be called “trickle down” for housing.

Haven’t heard of filtering?  Have no fear – we’ve created an infographic that breaks down the basics of filtering, the assumptions behind it, and the reasons it doesn’t work the way some say it does.  

Check it out below, or download a full-resolution PDF here.

Rally for Prop C – A Smart Fix for Safety & Affordable Housing

8 09 2016

CCHO and other community organizations, including Housing Rights Committee, SOMCAN, BiSHoP, and the San Francisco Community Land Trust, joined Supervisor Peskin in a rally this morning for Proposition C, the Affordable Housing Safety and Acquisition measure on this November’s ballot.

The rally took place at 22nd and Mission, the site of the type of fire that has been plaguing the Mission and could be prevented in the future with Prop C.

Prop C Rally_9-8-16

Prop C is the only measure in November that actually provides funding to increase the amount of permanently affordable housing in San Francisco.  It does this through a creative repurposing of unused bonds that the City’s been sitting on for years.

Back in 1992, after the Loma Prieta earthquake, San Francisco voters approved a $350 million bond to provide loans for upgrading the earthquake safety of brick buildings.  Since then, over half of this money has gone unused.

Prop C would free up this unused money, allowing it to be used for other at-risk buildings beyond just brick buildings, including the “soft story” buildings found throughout the Mission that are highly susceptible to earthquake damage and buildings in need of other safety upgrades.  Even more importantly, Prop C would allow this unused money to go towards buying buildings whose tenants are at risk of eviction, so they can be preserved as permanently affordable housing.

This measure is a smart fix, freeing up desperately-needed funds without creating any new taxes.  And it will help immediately address the housing crisis, providing a way to fight displacement and keep long-term tenants in their homes.

A Growing Coalition Stands Together Against By-Right

11 08 2016

Smooke_Joseph_By-RightRallySF_5Aug2016-83Last Friday, August 5th, 2016, CCHO joined our fellow Bay Area members of Californians for Affordable Housing in an action to stand up for our communities and against the Governor’s “by-right” measure. Californians for Affordable Housing is a growing alliance of affordable housing, labor, environmental, community, and tenants rights organizations from across the state, with a strong Bay Area contingent.

Californians for Affordable Housing released this report-back  on the August 5th action:

A new alliance of labor, community, affordable housing, and tenants rights organizations gathered in downtown San Francisco this morning to oppose the Governors’ by-right “trailer bill”.

Smooke_Joseph_By-RightRallySF_5Aug2016-63Board of Supervisors member Aaron Peskin joined representatives from ACCE SF, Oakland and Contra Costa County; Jobs with Justice SF, the SF Labor Council, SF Building Trades, Housing Rights Committee, Bill Sorro Housing Program, Senior and Disability Action, Tenants Together, Calle 24 Latino Cultural District, Latino Democratic Club, the Council of Community Housing Organizations, and the Manilatown Heritage Foundation to tell media that there is strong opposition from communities across the Bay Area to the Governor’s plan to allow corporations to overrun our communities.

Smooke_Joseph_By-RightRallySF_5Aug2016-42We rallied in the shadow of the Millennium Tower, which according to the SF Chronicle is one of the most luxurious residential towers in the world, and is quickly sinking into the Bay mud because of construction related issues.

Across the street from the Millennium, under construction, is the new Salesforce Tower which will be the tallest office tower in the western US. A contingent from the rally went to the office of Salesforce, the largest tech employer in San Francisco, to deliver a letter requesting a meeting with CEO Marc Benioff, in response to his recent sign-on in support of the Governor’s by-right bill.  Smooke_Joseph_By-RightRallySF_5Aug2016-133



Photo Credit: Joseph Smooke, [].Smooke_Joseph_By-RightRallySF_5Aug2016-117

“By-Right” Deregulation Is Not a Real Solution

28 07 2016

Our latest op-ed in The Examiner.  Read the original article here.

Mike Koozmin, SF Examiner.

Mike Koozmin, SF Examiner.

A few weeks ago we wrote about the “by-right” development law, which Gov. Jerry Brown is pushing for approval this year, as a speedy trailer bill to the state budget with no public hearings. The narrative behind the governor’s bill is that it would help increase the supply of housing being built — both market-rate and affordable — and therefore ease the demand on housing that today is at crisis levels. But this deregulation-based approach, like many before it, is a false solution to the housing crisis. Instead, we point to other ways that state and regional government can increase housing with more helpful policies and real interventions.

Gov. Brown’s bill would, by state law “pre-emption,” deregulate housing development approvals, supposedly in the name of affordable housing: taking away public review hearings, trumping local conditions of approval and overriding Planning Commission discretion for development proposals that simply comply with a local inclusionary housing requirement (the minimum amount of affordable housing developers are required to include in projects). For cities that don’t have a local inclusionary requirement, the state law standard would be as low as five percent affordable units in a project to be “eligible” for by-right approval. In San Francisco, this deregulation would basically apply to all residential development projects.

As we reported earlier, in San Francisco, where we have a pipeline of 19,000 more approved units than have actually been built (not even counting those approved in The City’s big redevelopment areas), a backlog growing by approximately 700 more units each year, it isn’t the approvals process that slows down development, but something much more fundamental: financing for actual construction of approved projects. And deregulation — the favored approach of some politicians and developer front groups — isn’t going to affect that fundamental fact.

In actuality, increased deregulation has the potential for terrible consequences. As the head of the State Buildings Trades Council pointed out last week in the Los Angeles Times, both the state’s energy crisis and the national financial meltdown in the last decade were preceded by similar deregulatory approaches, with disastrous results as everyday people have experienced. The Building Trades leader was quoted as poignantly saying: “We have found the history of mass deregulation in America doesn’t work well for working people.”

Instead of focusing on the overblown boogeyman of regulation, if the political leadership were really serious about seeking solutions to the state’s housing crisis, there are other regulatory interventions that would actually address the question of housing production:

1) Give teeth to existing housing development requirements: There are always examples to be found of “Not In My Back Yard” groups or entrenched political elites in small cities that want no development or demographic changes, and that refuse to accept their “fair share” of housing development to relieve regional population pressures. Each city is required to have a Housing Element certified by the state, and they are assigned “quantified housing goals” to achieve. Some cities do quite well, some do OK, and some do poorly. But there are no real consequences for NIMBYism. Perhaps putting some “teeth” into the state Housing Element law accountability would help to push those jurisdictions that don’t work to provide their fair share of basic housing needs or a minimum level of housing affordability.

2) Reform property tax law to promote residential development: A fundamental reason why cities see little incentive to build housing is Proposition 13, which capped property taxes and then limited increases, both for single family homeowners as well as for institutional landlords and commercial building owners. Until Prop. 13 is reformed to differentiate between protecting single-family homeowners and taxing big landowners, commercial landlords and developers, cities will continue to seek out retail and commercial development, which provides them with sales and business taxes, and to reject residential development.

3) Pair housing policy with the necessary state-level investment: An example is how in 2011, when the state government began a process of “realignment” to reduce overcrowded state prisons, shifting many in the prison population to county facilities. Along with giving that responsibility to counties, the state provided funding to pay the bill, directly investing in local government to fulfill the mandate. The state could do a similar thing today, investing at the local level to increase affordable housing.

4) Link state and regional investments to local government action: This week, the Metropolitan Transportation Commission, which allocates regional transportation funding to Bay Area cities, faces a quandary. It can choose to link the allocation of its “One Bay Area” transportation grants to jurisdictions that support affordable housing and enact anti-displacement measures, or it can continue to give grants to exclusionary cities and those that do little or nothing to meet their fair share of either market-rate or affordable housing. A broad coalition of real housing advocates, led by the “Six Wins Network,” a coalition of more than 20 social justice, faith, public health and environmental organizations across the Bay Area, is pushing to ensure the MTC does the right thing and actually puts Californians’ housing needs first. MTC has the power to combat displacement and promote housing by leveraging the $300 million in One Bay Area grants that it controls to encourage cities to adopt meaningful anti-displacement and affordable housing policies. If the governor, local politicians and developer advocates wanted to leverage real solutions, that’s one place to start, but so far they have been silent.

These are real ways we can begin to encourage good housing development across the state. But as long as developer front groups masquerading as “housing advocates” and some politicians continue to chase after false solutions based on 1980s-era deregulation policies, they will fail to meet the increasingly dire housing needs of Californians.


Just released! CCHO’s District Housing Snapshots 2015

30 06 2016

Fresh off the presses!  Following the release of the San Francisco Planning Department’s latest Housing Balance Report and Housing Inventory, we at CCHO have compiled our annual Housing Snapshots of each of the 11 supervisorial districts of the City. The goal of these snapshots is to understand at a finer-grain level where affordable housing is being produced and lost in neighborhoods across the city right now – reflecting not just trends over the past ten years, but the balance of housing production as residents are experiencing it at ground level currently.  This report fills a gap left by the usual citywide analysis of housing production: communities exist on a neighborhood scale in San Francisco, and a neighborhood-level analysis makes clear just how uneven affordable housing production and loss are across the districts of the City.

Overall, only 17.1% of the new housing produced in 2015 was affordable, down from 22% in 2014.  As was the case in the 2014 Snapshots Report, the future trend is troubling. Only 10.1% of the 18,144 entitled units in the 2016 Q1 pipeline are affordable. For long-range projects that are not yet entitled, the percent of affordable units is 10.8%.  These numbers show us just how far we currently are from the voter-mandated goal of a minimum 33% affordable housing, as set down in 2014’s Prop K Housing Balance measure. And they confirm what anecdotal evidence tells us: the housing crisis is continuing to worsen, and we need significant action to change those trends.

Read the full report here.

Ending homelessness with – you guessed it! – housing

29 06 2016

Our latest op-ed in The Examiner (read the original article here).

The first step of any plan to end homelessness needs to be keeping San Franciscans housed. As study after study has shown, it is primarily San Franciscans that make up the people who experience homelessness in our city — not people who have come here from other places, but people who had homes here and lost them — due to a variety of reasons, including the increasing rash of evictions. We need to begin by ensuring that folks stay in their rent-controlled housing whenever possible and are quickly rehoused when displacement can’t be prevented. Part of this includes funding rapid-rehousing opportunities.

But for many who do end up living in their cars or on the streets, the route out of homelessness is through — you guessed it — housing! From a fiscal perspective, we know that it is far less expensive to house homeless people than to keep them homeless, as we spend more on health care, social services and criminal justice while someone is homeless than we do on housing for them. For every $1 spent on housing for homeless adults living with mental illness, there is a $2.50 reduction in other government spending.

Currently, we have housing for about 6,000 homeless people: About half of that housing is in residential hotels with light services and that are master leased; the other half is in nonprofit owned supportive housing, permanently affordable units that come with services to help stabilize and support residents like employment programs, youth and family programs and individual case management.

To really address homelessness, we need to double the amount of housing available to homeless people in San Francisco. This means building new affordable units for very low-income residents with on-site supportive services, creating permanent community-owned assets. Doing this will take a sustainable revenue source, and while we need to make sure the federal and state governments do their part, we also cannot wait for them to act. It’s up to The City to take real leadership and change the current trajectory of homeless housing funding and policy in San Francisco.

In the last few years, our city’s housing production for extremely low-income people has shifted toward master leasing. We currently invest less then 3 percent of The City’s budget toward this issue. We should be investing more. In the current housing pipeline through 2022, we are only going to have 632 new units for homeless people — compared to the almost 3,000 units for homeless people that we built between 2008 and 2014. Since 2014, The City has capped the number of homeless units at 20 percent of all affordable housing and stopped producing buildings that are 100 percent supportive housing.

This is a misstep and represents a major shift in our city’s housing policies. In the last few years, The City’s approach has shifted to simply require that new affordable housing family and senior buildings set aside 20 percent of units for formerly homeless individuals. While this policy has resulted in a broader mix of incomes in our affordable buildings and works well for many residents, it does not replace the need for providing supportive housing buildings with 24-hour desk clerks and the kinds of on-site wraparound services so critical for people who have been chronically homeless or have dual or multiple diagnosis.

There are currently no projects in the works for 100 percent supportive housing. If The City is truly committed to addressing the homelessness issue, and housing both families and single adults experiencing homelessness, then they need to invest in nonprofit-owned supportive housing. The Mayor’s Office of Housing needs to reconsider its priorities and immediately start planning for the release of new funds or requests for proposals for supportive housing buildings on a regular schedule over the coming years. As part of its continuum of affordable housing solutions, The City needs to pay as much attention to the building and renovation of 100 percent supportive housing for our most vulnerable San Franciscans as they do to other important kinds of affordable housing.

Folks working on these issues know what the solutions are. What we are lacking is political will.

Credit: Robin Abcarian, Los Angeles Times

Credit: Robin Abcarian, Los Angeles Times

“By-Right Approvals” Will Have No Real Effect on Housing Supply in SF

27 06 2016

Our latest op-ed in The Examiner (read the original article here).


Housing construction in SF always lags behind Planning Permit approvals. On average, even taking into account dips following cyclical housing "busts," the backlog of approved units has grown by about 700 units per year. Source: SF Planning Department Housing Inventory data.

Housing construction in SF always lags behind Planning Permit approvals. On average, even taking into account dips following cyclical housing “busts,” the backlog of approved units has grown by about 700 units per year. Source: SF Planning Department Housing Inventory data.

Developers and their lobbying organizations are currently working hard to spread a false, but profitable argument: that the way to get more housing faster is by further deregulating development approvals. The assertion underlies the governor’s latest “by-right” approvals bill, which gives the automatic stamp of approval to any private development providing the minimum amount of affordable housing.

This argument often devolves into a never-ending ideological debate on social media. The debate between market-rate development advocates and affordable housing advocates is centered on whether a marginal increase in luxury units in San Francisco will lower prices by any noticeable amount for middle-income people in The City or lessen the pressure on existing rental housing. Both sides base their arguments on economic models, such as the recent State Legislative Analyst report supporting theoretical market solutions to the housing crisis, or, by contrast, the response by UC Berkeley researchers who basically debunk the supply-side argument that market-rate housing will quickly “filter” down. But aside from these statistical models, it is instructive to look at the reality of housing approvals and actual construction over the last two decades.

Between 1996 and 2015, the city of San Francisco approved 51,000 units for construction. In the same time period, developers actually constructed 37,000 units. That’s 14,000 more units approved for construction than have actually been built, and, on average, that backlog has increased by almost 700 units every year. The City’s latest pipeline report, through the first quarter of 2016, puts that figure even higher, at almost 19,000 entitled units! That’s not even counting the approved housing from the massive Park Merced, Hunters Point/Candlestick, and Treasure Island developments.

So what’s going on? Why are the developers and their front groups, the governor, and now some big tech leaders who’ve signed onto the governor’s bill, so dead-set on trying to convince us that increasing market rate housing approvals by making them “by right” will somehow help solve our housing crisis?

First, we absolutely have to look at this city by city. There are many places that have put up road blocks to all new housing approvals, whether market-rate or affordable, and a certain amount of streamlining may have a positive impact on housing affordability in those communities.

But despite what market-rate development advocates say, San Francisco, with a backlog of 19,000 approved units, is hardly one of those jurisdictions. Even if we double the rate of project approvals, that would simply add to the long pipeline of already-entitled development projects — instead of 19,000 units waiting in the wings, we could have 40,000 units waiting for… what? That’s the mystery—what are they waiting for, why is the pipeline of approved projects growing every year, and why aren’t more approved projects being constructed more quickly? It’s clearly not the approvals process that is holding builders back from building more.

The real reason is financing. Financing is what controls whether or not approved units actually get built. And the amount of financing capital is limited — by investors who are risk-averse and want to ensure high returns on investments. At the first sign of a downturn or a drop in market prices, they are likely to flee to other safer investments. In fact, during the lows of the Great Recession in 2010, it was primarily publicly-financed affordable housing development that was responsible for more than 50 percent of the units (and of construction jobs) built in San Francisco during those years.

Why, then, if speeding up the approvals process doesn’t put more units on the ground, are some special interests pushing so hard the idea that “by right” is the solution to our housing crisis? We could speculate: for politicians, they get to look like they are working on “solutions” without having to spend public money, and it distracts from the real issues of reining in powerful real estate market forces and stopping speculation on existing housing. And for individual developers, it helps their ability to profit on the entitlement itself: the gamble is to get your approvals done before the market slows down, and then either lock in your financing or sell your “entitlements” to another investor. The actual immediate construction of units is not necessarily the primary factor in this calculation.

Why should we care about this kind of deregulation? The approvals process is long and complicated, and the bureaucracy could certainly move a lot faster. But the reason we have been able to win meaningful community benefits over the past 40 years (as opposed to the steamrolling of communities in urban renewal) is precisely because of our growing understanding that it’s necessary for developers to dialogue with communities, and that we need safeguards to guarantee a voice for regular people and a meaningful role for a city Planning Commission and located electeds in land use matters.

Here’s an alternative approach — the politicians, developers, and their advocates who really care about increasing the number of units on the ground in S.F., whether affordable or market-rate, should focus attention on the real problem of financing, working to ensure that investment continues year-in and year-out to finance the construction of a minimum number of units — whether “the market” is up or down. And, beyond our limited ability to influence global investment, really hone in on what we can influence: increasing investments in affordable housing.

Prop C’s Landslide Victory – What Does It Mean?

22 06 2016


Election Prop C 2016 SOV10

The Proposition C Affordable Housing Charter Amendment won by a landslide. Not only did the measure take 68% of the vote, but it was also supported widely across the city, with the vast majority of districts voting yes on C.  (See a PDF of the above election map here.)

Prop C doubles the “inclusionary” housing requirement for private developments (the obligation to create affordable housing units when building market-rate housing), requiring development projects of at least 25-units in size to include 15% low-income and 10% moderate/middle-income housing.  Prop C also removes the inclusionary policy from the City charter, allowing the Board of Supervisors and Mayor to make changes to the requirement in the future.  It’s good affordable housing policy and it’s good government practice.

But more than that, a win like this is a clear mandate from San Francisco voters.  San Franciscans are demanding that affordable housing be a top priority in their City and that private development contribute its fair share towards affordable housing.   This further proves what has been shown time and time again in recent years, not only by the win of Prop C, but also by the passage of last November’s $310 million Affordable Housing Bond and the Public Lands for Affordable Housing Measure, the Affordable Housing Balance Measure of 2014 (which called for a minimum citywide 33% affordable housing), as well as the landmark $1.3 billion Housing Trust Fund in 2012 that restored redevelopment funds “dissolved” by the state.  Citywide, San Franciscans are suffering from the housing crisis and they know the solution is more funding and better policies for affordable housing.  And they clearly agree that in our economic boom, while luxury housing is being built throughout the city and a wider range of people are shut out of the housing “market,” private development should provide more housing that low- and middle-income San Franciscans can afford.

Furthermore, this win is a strong statement that voters expect an Inclusionary affordable housing policy that is inclusive, providing diverse, mixed-income communities and housing for both low-income and moderate/middle-income residents.  Instead of providing housing for only one income level and pitting residents in need against one another, Prop C presents a strategy of providing housing for many folks by including both low-income and middle-income affordable housing.  Additionally, it encourages private development to build “on-site” affordable housing, providing affordable units right inside of market-rate developments instead of at a different location or just “feeing out” by writing a check to the City.

Voters are tired of divisive politics about housing – they want more affordable housing for more people.  With this landslide vote for Prop C, San Franciscans clearly asserted that they want their buildings and neighborhoods to remain diverse and that they expect their City’s inclusionary housing policy to help a range of people who are struggling to find affordable housing in this City – More for the Many, Not just the Few.


Tuesday’s Two Wins for Affordable Housing

9 06 2016

Election Prop C 2016 SOV4 HighJune 7 brought two big wins for housing affordability in San Francisco, one through the ballot and one through the Board of Supervisors:


  • Proposition C, the Inclusionary Housing Measure, won handily at the ballot with 67% of the vote and with support spread widely across the city (see map of election results above, or a higher-resolution version here). Since its proposal by Supervisors Peskin and Kim, CCHO and a wide coalition of supporters have worked hard on the measure, and this is a big victory for affordable housing and significant step forward in the City’s inclusionary housing policy.  Inclusionary housing policies require the market to provide affordable units NOW.  Because of Prop C, private developers will now be required to provide significantly increased affordable housing and provide housing for both low-income and middle-income San Franciscans, helping house a wider swath of San Franciscans without pitting the housing needs of these different groups against one another.  With the passing of this measure, voters have set a new, fairer bar for market-rate development’s contribution to affordable housing and have once again proved that San Francisco’s leading the way in innovative solutions to the housing crisis.
  • The Board of Supervisors unanimously adopted a Short-Term Rentals Ordinance requiring Airbnb and other hosting platforms ensure their listings are properly registered (aka, in compliance with existing law passed in February of last year – yes, just following the law, that’s all it is!). Under this legislation, platforms will face fines for advertising hosts who have yet to comply with the registration law – and currently that’s about 5,500 of the city’s estimated 7,000 hosts.  Any fines collected under this new ordinance will go towards affordable housing. CCHO, as part of the broader ShareBetterSF coalition, has continued to push for such regulation of improperly-rented short-term rentals, which currently contribute to the housing crisis by taking existing rent-controlled and affordable housing off the market.  After the defeat of last year’s Proposition F by Airbnb and its $8 million, this is a huge victory for stronger protection of tenants and our invaluable existing housing stock.


Though we still have much work to do in the effort to end the housing crisis and realize our vision of a city for all, a moment of celebration is in order!


New Research from UC Berkeley Challenges LAO Report on Housing Affordability

25 05 2016

UC Berkeley's Urban Displacement Project's latest research finds error in the LAO report.

Yesterday, UC Berkeley’s Urban Displacement Project released its latest research, calling into question the validity of a controversial report released by the Legislative Analyst’s Office in February 2016, and providing strong evidence that the most effective strategies for fighting displacement are the construction of affordable housing and policies to stabilize existing tenants – not simply building market-rate development.

The LAO’s report, “Perspectives on Helping Low-Income Californians Afford Housing,” suggested that increasing market-rate development through various deregulation measures is the best means for increasing housing affordability and thus preventing displacement.  Widely circulated since its release, the LAO report has been used as justification for some radical proposals at the state and local level that could undermine long-standing affordable housing and community development policies in San Francisco.

This report has gone largely uncontested until now. UC Berkeley researchers Dr. Miriam Zuk and Professor Karen Chapple have evaluated the LAO analysis, and found that it is based on incomplete data and models.  Their report, “Housing Production, Filtering, and Displacement: Untangling the Relationships,” tests the LAO’s analysis by correcting for these omissions and errors, and finds very different results, including:

  • Affordable housing is still our best strategy, as it is over twice as effective as market-rate housing at preventing displacement: “for every one subsidized unit, we would need to produce two or more market-rate units to have the same reduction in displacement pressure” (p. 4).
  • Market-rate housing becomes less effective at reducing displacement over time.  The Berkeley researchers conclude that “the effectiveness of market-rate housing in mitigating displacement seems to diminish as more market-rate housing is built in a subsequent decade…this result suggests that over time, the construction of market-rate housing may have a catalytic effect on a neighborhood, increasing attractiveness to upper-income residents, rather than a protective effect of filtering” (p. 6).
  • The LAO report presents an incomplete picture of “filtering,” which it cites as the key way market-rate housing prevents displacement.  In fact, filtering of market-rate units cannot address our current housing crisis, as it takes many years for these units to “filter down” to middle- and low-income households (approximately 50 years for households making 50% of median income), and even once middle- and low-income households can access these units, they may not be habitable or affordable to them (p. 4).
  • Though it may reduce displacement at the regional level, new development has little impact on displacement at the local or neighborhood level, again providing strong evidence that “production alone cannot solve the displacement problem” (p. 8).  Instead, the report concludes that we need strong preservation and tenant-protection policies to help with the displacement crisis on the local level.

Read UC Berkeley’s media release on the new report here. 

And check out the blog post by Dr. Miriam Zuk answering some of the big questions about this research.

This fresh challenge to the LAO Report follows earlier critical analysis by researchers Alex Karner of Georgia Tech University and Chris Benner of UC Santa Cruz, who pointed out a major flaw in the work in a Washington Post article from February 19th:

“Most importantly, the report claims that constructing market-rate units will protect low-income communities against displacement. But it relies upon a single imperfect definition of displacement and doesn’t distinguish between parts of the Bay Area that are growing rapidly and where land is cheap from the tight housing markets in San Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose. These three cities account for about a third of new market-rate units in areas the report focuses on. But other top producers include cities on the urban fringe as well as unincorporated areas where displacement pressures are minimal. Grouping together these very different places can make it appear as though new market-rate units prevent displacement, when in fact the opposite might be true.”


Image: Logo of UC Berkeley’s Urban Displacement Project.

Pro-Housing Rally, Progressive-Style

24 05 2016
5-17-16 Pro Housing Rally pic1
On May 17th, we had a rally and press conference on the steps of City Hall attended by an impressive coalition of tenant advocates, neighborhood organizations, merchants, labor, environmentalists, faith organizations, and affordable housing advocates.  Supervisors Aaron Peskin and Eric Mar announced a soon-to-be drafted and introduced Affordable Housing Bonus Program, and made connections to the Prop C Inclusionary measure on this June’s ballot, which will also provide more low- and middle-income housing for San Franciscans.
5-17-16 Pro Housing Rally pic2It was a pro-housing rally, progressive-style.
To read more on the Affordable Housing Bonus Program, check out these articles and news clips:

Thanks for coming to the 5th Annual CCHO Party!

12 05 2016


Thanks to all our Friends of CCHO for coming out and making our 2016 CCHO Party a success!  It was great to see everyone, to take time to celebrate the hard work being done by the affordable housing community, and to be reminded of how many friends and allies we have in this important moment of struggle to make affordable housing a reality in the San Francisco Bay Area. See the full album from the party here.



A special thanks to the AND Shop Band, who kept the party going with their fantastic music.CCHO_Friendraiser_ALexson_017

Congratulations once again to this year’s CCHO honorees:

  • Dale Carlson & Ian Lewis, for their work to save rent-controlled housing from hotel usesCCHO_Friendraiser_ALexson_077
  • Ruby Harris, Tracy Parent, and Karoleen Feng, for their work to protect at-risk tenants and preserve their homes as permanently affordable housingCCHO_Friendraiser_ALexson_090
  • PODER & CUHJ (PODER, FCC, CAA, Coleman Advocates), for their work to keep public lands in public handsCCHO_Friendraiser_ALexson_101

And a big thanks to all our party sponsors: Barcelon Jang Architecture; Brian Murphy & Susan Hoffman; Cahill Contractors, Inc.; California Housing Partnership Corporation; Forest City; Gubb & Barshay LLP; Heller Manus Architects; IBEW Local 6; James E. Roberts-Obayashi Corp.; Lou Giraudo; Non-Profit Housing Association of Northern California; Northern California Carpenters Regional Council; Progress Foundation; San Francisco Building and Construction Trades Council; Senator Mark Leno; SEIU 1021; Sheet Metal Workers’ Local Union No. 104; United Educators of San Francisco; Unite Here! Local 2; as well as Doug Engmann and Speakeasy Ales & Lagers for providing the booze and brews.

Want to see more photos from the party?  Check out the album
(And if you‘re feeling nostalgic, there are also photos of the 201220132014, & 2015 CCHO Parties!)


Photo Credit: Alex Lexson Photography.

The Future of Balboa Reservoir: Say No to Privatizing Public Lands

9 05 2016

Our latest op-ed in The Examiner.  Read the original article here.

The parking lot at the Balboa Reservoir. Credit: Gabrielle Lurie, SF Examiner.

The Balboa Reservoir, currently a parking lot, could be used to build hundreds of affordable homes. Credit: Gabrielle Lurie, SF Examiner.

The future of a huge swath of The City is currently up for grabs, and with it, the future of San Francisco’s approach to affordable housing.

The Public Utilities Commission parking lot next to the City College of San Francisco’s campus on Ocean Avenue may not seem exciting, but it is 17 acres of developable land in our mostly built-out city, and market-rate developers are salivating at the prospect of privatizing this land.

As publically owned land, the Balboa Reservoir represents an indispensable public resource that should be preserved as a public good for this and future generations. This will require not only a commitment of resources, but also visionary leadership by The City, which we have yet to see.

Any “Request for Proposals,” or Board of Supervisors-approved rezoning or development agreement for residential uses on the site, should prioritize maximum housing affordability, at a minimum mandating that at least 50 percent of the site be affordable to low-income households (families earning less than $50,000), and on top of that another portion affordable to moderate-income families (two-earner households earning up to $120,000). And it should do that while still supporting City College’s continued viability by dedicating parking facilities for a fully enrolled CCSF and providing new open space.

The PUC’s Citizens Advisory Committee agrees: Last March, it passed a resolution calling for 50 percent to 100 percent of housing developed on the site to be affordable, for a range of incomes and family sizes, to truly meet the needs of San Franciscans.

The Mayor’s Office of Economic Development, however, argues the best approach for a large 17-acre site like this, even if it is publicly owned, is to privatize it as much as possible. Any affordable units, they argue, should be entirely dependent on market-rate developers willing to “cross-subsidize” some small amount. And most of these so-called affordable units could end up being studios and 1-bedrooms — only affordable to individuals who earn more than $100,000 (140-150 percent of median income). These are called “creative financing” solutions.

The logical and frightening conclusion of The City’s argument for privatizing Balboa Reservoir is that we would never need to invest in affordable housing again — simply let the paltry amount of affordable units we are able to leverage out of “the market” produce all our affordable housing from now on. These are the same arguments that lead to privatizing public schools and community colleges or contracting out critical public services to the lowest bidder. These are the classic arguments of austerity and neoliberalism, based on a model of scarcity of resources that hardly has a base in San Francisco’s booming economy.

Ideology aside, the problem with this model, practical as it may sound, is that it simply continues to exacerbate the imbalance of high-end market-rate housing (the latest numbers are that only 11 percent of The City’s residents can afford the median cost home) compared to housing for the everyday working and middle-class San Franciscans. And according to The City’s own Housing Element goals through 2022, we have already built or entitled more than 106 percent of our market-rate housing goals, and met only 24 percent of our low-income and 13 percent of our moderate-income needs!

We are always playing a game of catch-up with the overproduction of luxury housing.

It is indeed possible to develop the Balboa Reservoir with 100 percent affordable housing and amenities for the neighboring community and City College. And certainly it is without question possible to develop it with a minimum of 50 percent to 60 percent affordable as we suggested above. It is primarily a question of available funds and phasing. A back of the envelope calculation envisions a total city investment of around $100 million for a 250-to-300-unit affordable development — held in the public trust in perpetuity. This would include compensating PUC ratepayers with a fair-market value for the “unserviced” land (subtracting the cost of needed infrastructure such as streets and sewers).

The City argues we don’t have that kind of money lying around, and even much of the Prop A funds from last November are already being dedicated to new affordable housing elsewhere in The City. This would clearly be a major city investment, spread out in phases, but given the willingness shown by voters over the last decade to support funding for affordable housing, such numbers do not appear to be insurmountable, and the payoff would last for generations.

Some say only by relying on market-rate development can we be reasonably assured that development will happen sooner rather than later. This is simply not true. In fact, city-funded development is more stable and reliable than market-drive development. Large market-rate projects rely on the ups-and-downs of the global market of institutional investors, which quickly dry up at the slightest change in the economy. On the other hand, in the downs of the market, it is often only city investment that moves projects forward. In fact, during the Great Recession in 2010, more than 50 percent of the units completed in San Francisco were publicly financed affordable housing.

The model of Octavia Avenue is a perfect case in point: A huge swath of public land (from the Central Freeway teardown) was divided into parcels, and fully half of the new units were dedicated to affordable housing. Most of those parcels are now built out, and everyone agrees the development along Octavia Avenue is wildly successful. It took vision, leadership and perseverance, but public lands are being used exactly as was envisioned by the public.

It is not a question of feasibility or funding that is holding us back, but a lack of bold leadership that truly attempts to face the housing crisis head-on. A short-term trade-off for a handful of privately financed affordable units for people earning $100,000 at Balboa Reservoir is not visionary. A truly visionary plan would seize this rare opportunity with a longer-term strategy that leverages hundreds of affordable units from this major public resource.

On Monday, the Balboa Reservoir CAC will discuss development parameters for the site. Supervisor Norman Yee has requested that the CAC consider a proposal to mandate 50 percent of all housing on the site to be affordable (and the definition of “affordable,” and affordable for whom, is critical). And on Tuesday, the PUC will take their CAC’s resolution regarding affordability and uses for the site into consideration.

Our elected leaders, commissioners and city bureaucracy would do well to begin with a philosophy that prioritizes and preserves public resources for the public good in perpetuity.

Affordable Housing Week Comes to San Francisco

2 05 2016

For details for each of San Francisco’s Affordable Housing Week 2016 events, see here.

CHP's Richardson Apartments, one of the stops on our upcoming bike tour!

CHP’s Richardson Apartments, one of the stops on Saturday’s upcoming bike tour!

The coming week is Affordable Housing Week here in San Francisco – an annual event with activities throughout the Bay Area.

We spend a lot of time calling for more affordable housing. The need for affordable housing is deep and growing rapidly, as more and more San Franciscans find they can’t afford housing produced on the market.

But there’s a new rumble of voices asserting that our systems for building affordable housing are outdated and broken.

These voices are wrong.  We desperately need more affordable housing, yes, more funding, and even more importantly, we need leadership and vision by elected leaders.  But in San Francisco we actually have a host of proven solutions, and the policies that we’ve developed and are continuing to develop have produced real results.

In light of all this, CCHO and the affordable housing community across the Bay Area are taking a moment to raise awareness around the advocacy and solutions that exist right here at home with Affordable Housing Week 2016.  This is an opportunity for San Franciscans to get a deeper glimpse into affordable housing, and really understand the issue that’s dominating every headline in our city.

Over the past 40 years, San Francisco has taken a lead in affordable housing, both in policy and in actual implementation.  Nearly 30,000 units of permanently affordable housing built, another 3,000 acquired and converted to affordable, several thousand protected SRO units, and nearly 2,000 below-market Inclusionary units. And this has continued up to the present.

TNDC Mosaica 1

The bike tour will also include TNDC’s Mosaica Senior & Family Apartments.

In 2012, SF voters established a Housing Trust Fund, setting aside $20 million annually (and incrementally growing to $50 million in year 15) to support a variety of affordable housing programs for low and moderate income San Franciscans, including a $15 mil new investment for first-time homebuyer assistance.  In 2014, we set a goal and a monitoring system to achieve a minimum benchmark of 33% affordable housing production citywide, and in 2015, we prioritized underutilized public sites for affordable housing AND voted through a $310 million bond for affordable housing. And now, responding to the dramatic surge in the real estate market, San Franciscans are set to vote on adopting the highest inclusionary housing policy in the State, requiring developers to produce 15% low-income and 10% middle-income units in every development over 25 units. These are real solutions.

What does all this mean on the ground? Since 2002, when we passed our first inclusionary ordinance with a 12% requirement, we have created over 2,000 low- and moderate-income units, affordable to families earning from $55,000 to 90,000/year. Since 2012, when we passed the Housing Trust Fund, San Francisco has built roughly 700 units per year, providing quality homes for people at all income levels who are unable to afford San Francisco’s astronomical market-rate rents. These are real projects, scattered throughout the city, some of the best architectural design and the highest quality service-enriched housing anywhere in the country.  San Francisco has also commenced with one of the most comprehensive public housing rehabilitation programs in the country, one that guarantees one-for-one replacement units and a right-to-return to all current tenants.

As part of San Francisco’s Affordable Housing Week 2016, CCHO, along with SPUR and architect David Baker, will be leading an affordable housing bike tour this Saturday May 7th, where you can see a number of these buildings and meet architects, community organizers, and tenants, from Chinatown to SoMa to Hayes Valley to the Mission. We’ll look at senior buildings, family buildings, and even mixed-income buildings with on-site inclusionary units and we’ll talk about the community struggles that made these buildings possible.

todco Mendelsohn garden

The garden at TODCO’s Mendelsohn House, another stop on Saturday’s Affordable Housing Bike tour.

Despite the success we have had so far, this is clearly not the time to rest on our laurels. The need for affordable housing IS growing, and we do need more support and more funding. To learn about the steps the affordable housing community is taking to address the housing crisis, come to this week’s two Affordable Housing Week lunchtime forums, sponsored by CCHO and SPUR. On Tuesday May 3rd, policy advocates from throughout the Bay Area will speak on plans for expanding funding for quality affordable housing, from San Francisco, Silicon Valley, and the East Bay. And on Thursday May 5th, community planners will discuss what they are doing from the grassroots in neighborhoods across San Francisco hardest-hit by the gentrification crisis.

We hope you join us for San Francisco’s Affordable Housing Week 2016, and check out the other events happening this month across the region, as an opportunity to plug in, get informed, and learn about the extensive advocacy and real solutions that exist right here in our City.

For more information on San Francisco’s Affordable Housing Week 2016, see here.

Another Small Site Success!

12 04 2016

WP_20160412_019Down a little back alley in SoMa, there’s now one more permanently affordable apartment building, thanks to the Small Sites Acquisition Program and two CCHO members, San Francisco Community Land Trust and South of Market Community Action Netwok.

Using funds from the Small Sites Program, which CCHO helped establish, the two organizations were able to purchase a 5-unit building at 568 Natoma Street.  Until the purchase, the tenants of 568 Natoma – a rent-controlled building housing lower-income Filipino families, seniors, and first responders – were facing possible eviction.  A previous potential buyer got so far as offering the tenants “buy-outs,” which they refused.

Places like this are where the affordable housing crisis is hitting hardest –in nondescript small buildings in everyday neighborhoods, where average San Franciscans are struggling to keep their housing.  As this situation makes clear, the affordability crisis is not just about building new housing, but about helping people keep their existing housing, preserving the affordability we already have and making it permanent.

The Small Sites program is a means to do just that – stabilize tenants at risk of eviction and take existing buildings off the speculation market to make them permanently affordable.  With this latest purchase, the program is now up to twelve buildings successfully purchased.

Twelve many not seem like a big number and 568 Natoma may seem like one small building, but transforming these units into permanently affordable housing has a big social impact.  We have the policy in place to do this for many more buildings and many more residents – we now just need a significant increase in funding to the Small Sites Program to allow it to realize its full impact.


Check out photos from this morning’s press event about the purchase, hosted by Supervisor Jane Kim, The SoMa Stabilization Fund, SOMCAN, and SFCLT:WP_20160412_017WP_20160412_013 WP_20160412_011WP_20160412_020 WP_20160412_021

The “Affordable Housing Balance” Just Keeps Getting Worse

7 04 2016

Our last op-ed in The Examiner.  Read the original article here.

The third “Housing Balance Report” from the City Planning Department was quietly released last week, coincidentally one day before April Fool’s Day and one week before a Planning Commission hearing today. And the punchline is … wait for it … the citywide housing balance of net new affordable housing from 2006 through 2015 is down to 13 percent. The last report in September had it at 15 percent, the July report before that was at 16 percent. The trend line is pretty clear. Overheated real estate development cycle, declining percentage of affordable housing.

And what is being built currently? Wait for it … only 14 percent of all new development now under construction or with active building permits will be affordable to anyone earning less than 120 percent of median income (a San Franciscan earning less than $85,000 per year). And for most market-rate housing today, you have to earn much, much more than $85,000. This bleak news comes at a time while San Francisco is experiencing one of its worst gentrification cycles in history.

Looking even further ahead to the next round of development — based on the entitlement “pipeline” of projects, the Housing Balance Report shows a whopping 15 percent affordable housing (the report does note that this number may increase if more developers commit to provide on-site inclusionary units in their projects).

And the problem is not just about production — these Housing Balance Report numbers make clear how the loss of protected rental units completely undermines The City’s efforts to build more affordable housing. More than 4,100 housing units have been removed from the affordable housing supply over the last ten years through condo conversions, demolitions, owner move-in evictions, Ellis Act evictions and other means (not including tenant “buyouts” which are dramatically on the rise as well). Across The City there is a ratio of three existing units lost for every four new affordable units produced. At a more local level, the affordable housing balance is actually negative in nine out of the 15 neighborhood-level “planning districts”! If the upward trend of evictions and lost protected rental units continues, that already-paltry 15 percent projected housing balance may be eroded even further.

Is there any wonder why we have a housing affordability crisis in San Francisco?
Across The City there is a great need to correct that imbalance of low and moderate/middle income housing for San Franciscans compared to the rate of market-rate housing production. And we are far behind the goal of minimum 33 percent affordable housing set by the voters in Proposition K back in 2014 and way, way, way behind the actual need of 57 percent affordable housing per The City’s General Plan Housing Element, based on job growth projections across the income spectrum.

There are a lot of numbers thrown around these days about housing goals and aspirations of an affordable city for all. But the numbers here are a reality check, and they are sobering. All is clearly not well in the housing “market.” Here in this Housing Balance Report authored by the Planning Department we have the real story. This is from The City’s own building permit data, and The City’s own planning pipeline data, and The City’s own rent board data. It doesn’t get more truthful than this. Thirteen percent affordable and dropping! We as a city have a real job to climb back out of this hole.

The “Supply-Side” Argument, and Why Geography, Scale, and Migration Matter

5 04 2016

CCHO co-director Peter Cohen’s latest op-ed in Rooflines, the Shelterforce blog, responding to Rick Jacobus’ article “Why We Must Build”.  Read the original posting on Rooflines hereShelterforce oped_image

Rick Jacobus’ article, Why We Must Build, published here on Shelterforce a couple of weeks ago has created quite a buzz. Jacobus is smart, and has been writing on the topic of affordable housing and land trusts for a while. The supply-siders have wishfully interpreted the piece as unquestionably supporting their “build, baby, build” agenda, with BeyondChrongoing so far as to share the piece, saying: “Why building housing reduces displacement.” That isn’t the simplistic argument Jacobus’ article makes—even if he positions himself as a bit of a market rationalist, he clearly didn’t write this long and thoughtful piece to simply be a booster for market-rate development, and his article shouldn’t be interpreted as such. A few parts of his article make this clear and deserve further attention, while others are troubling and in need of correction.

Geography and Scale
Jacobus’ piece offers refreshing insight in the way he explains the implications of market-rate development at a neighborhood scale versus a regional scale, providing strong reinforcement to the argument that in “hot markets” like the Mission district (or other front-line neighborhoods) in San Francisco, a simplistic supply-side housing policy will not resolve a local affordability crisis and in fact may make it worse. He says this:

“New development may lower prices regionally even while it raises prices in a specific neighborhood.”

Market-rate “supply” has a very different effect at a local scale and in a hot market (like the Mission) than at a regional scale and/or in a less heated local real estate location. Intuitively and empirically, this makes a lot of sense—that’s what we’ve all been seeing, and it’s why few people at the ground level believe the supply-side argument has much merit for, say, the Mission District. But taken at a regional scale, large-scale developments out in Pleasanton, down in Mountain View, or over in Fremont might have a different local effect and certainly might have a regional effect on stabilizing housing prices. This argument supports the fact that, when it comes to housing, supply and demand isn’t as simple as it seems (or as simple as some boosters would like us to believe), and a supply-side strategy will not work in every context to address affordability problems—including the hot neighborhoods of San Francisco.

Migration Trends
Jacobus makes another important point that is often lost in the current argument over supply and “who is to blame” for our housing affordability crisis:

“We are in the middle of a once in a lifetime tectonic shift in consumer preferences regarding urban living. …There has been a shift, and now a growing share of the powerful prefer the center. But where the edges were occupied by farmland, the center of most of our regions is today occupied by the same low-income and minority communities that were excluded from late 20th century suburbia.”

In other words, we’re now dealing with a near-reversal of “white flight” (Neil Smith’s “revanchist city” articles weren’t so crazy after all!) that is overloading the capacity of local urban resources, policy, and political organizing to absorb that “tectonic shift” gracefully.

The disruption to working class and poor communities has been rapid and unrepentant, and the solutions are not as aggressive as the economic forces that are driving that migration shift. This is quickly resulting in the reversal of urban segregation—a Federal Reserve study from 2012 started to reveal this trend and trigger discussion about the new “suburbanization of poverty” which is a clear symptom of the tectonic shift that Jacobus refers to. Perhaps it should be called a “titanic” shift, as many people are drowning in this process.

All of this means that the same supply-side solutions that may have worked in the past won’t necessarily work in the here and now. We are trying to “build, build, build” in inner city neighborhoods where people already live, live, live; not out in the greenfields of suburban growth for the last 50 years.

Neighborhood Stabilization (Or, Mistakenly Viewing the Mission through a Tenderloin Lens)
Another big point Jacobus makes is that ownership of land and community control are key elements of stabilization/anti-gentrification. For sure, taking land and housing off the speculative market is a core tenet of the affordable housing work we do. It is hard, slow, and not inexpensive, but it is the essential long-term strategy to maintain an affordable city.

But here is where Jacobus goes wrong, however, in citing the Tenderloin as somehow the model for other contemporary neighborhoods battling gentrification. He suggests that, for unexplained reasons, the Mission District has been less successful than the Tenderloin. In reality, Jacobus is comparing an apple to an orange and mistakenly viewing the Mission through a Tenderloin lens. He writes:

“While it may be right that the Tenderloin has been saved by the community’s refusal to allow “upscale” development, the Mission has also mostly resisted the kind of high-end, high-rise development that transformed SOMA, but Mission rents and home prices have skyrocketed nonetheless. Even with rent control, relentless tenant education, and advocacy and nonstop neighborhood organizing, if you didn’t allow any new building, you can’t stop private property owners from cashing in on the fact that the area is desirable to people with a lot of money. Even in the Mission!”

What he misunderstands is that the Tenderloin’s rezoning and strict property controls were a lot more aggressive than the Mission’s Eastern Neighborhoods Plan—in fact, the latter was designed to promote market rate development (in a kind of upzoning-for-public-benefits-value-recapture concept, that in hindsight is proving to have been quite weak). The Tenderloin was not rezoned to promote development, but rather to discourage development and prevent market conversions of existing buildings. The Tenderloin Plan (and the Chinatown Plan also from that earlier era) are the envy of many current “front-line” neighborhoods—the Mission District, Soma, Western Addition, even Bayview, that are getting rocked by development, but have very weak zoning controls and limited mechanisms for community control of land. The Mission District isn’t an example of the futility or even detriment of community resistance to market-rate development, but rather an example of community resistance to gentrification that has been hamstrung to some extent by weak land use controls in the face of massive market pressures.

For all its success, the Tenderloin model is not likely replicable in the current context of that “tectonic shift” in migration that Jacobus writes about. Nor is there currently the political will to put in place the kind of strong zoning that helped the Tenderloin. Nevertheless, the answer today shouldn’t be to discourage communities from fighting for self-determination or berate them for not throwing arms open to “the market”—there are a host of policies that could be put into place now that focus on stabilization and prevent displacement.

Affordable Housing Activists United (Or, Make No Mistake About a “Split”)
And lastly, in what is otherwise a thoughtful article, Jacobus makes a curious assertion that last November’s ballot measure to temporarily pause development in San Francisco’s Mission District—which had lost 177 housing units to no-fault evictions from 2012 to 2014, had a 27 percent decline in Latino residents between 2000 and 2013, and had lost 26 percent of its households with children in that same decade—in some way “split the housing advocacy community” and that, “many committed advocates succeeded in convincing San Francisco voters that the moratorium would only make things worse by further restricting supply.”

Let’s correct that. Prop I did not “split” the affordable housing activist community. But it did split affordable housing advocates from market-rate housing advocates. It was very clear all along that Prop I was not a solution, per se, to the urgent crisis, but a pause to give time to develop and implement solutions.  Affordable housing activists were on the same side of support for that measure and were aligned with community advocates who were not looking just for a “technical” solution but also an organizing response to the disruption caused by the real estate market at ground-level. Jacobus mistakenly lumps together all “housing advocates” – whether affordable housing activists or market-rate advocates—in that landscape and thus inaccurately asserts that there was a “split.”

Where the distinction between affordable housing activists and market-rate development advocates becomes clear is around the increasingly dramatized argument about supply-side housing policy (which is now called “filtering” in the new think-tank literature, as “trickle-down” is evidently passé). We affordable housing activists say more supply at the affordability levels needed; market-rate advocates (sometimes claiming to be on the side of affordable housing) say more supply at any affordability level and everything will filter/trickle down. It’s a simple contrast, but stark and ideological.

Overall, though Jacobus may end his article in support of building more market-rate housing—he is a market rationalist after all—he also lays the foundation for why a supply-side approach to the affordability crisis doesn’t necessarily work, and certainly doesn’t work in every place. Perhaps his most important line, in the middle of the piece, is:

“The first step is to let go of the idea that the market is going to offer neighborhoods that are both highly desirable and economically diverse.”

The debate about getting local housing policy right will be ongoing, and we will continue to see serious fault lines of disagreement. Rick Jacobus’ article adds more fodder and some useful nuance to that debate. And the supply-siders just got brought down a notch or two.


(Photo credit: Red Hot Market by Damien D., via flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0)

ADUs Done Right

18 03 2016

A diagram from the SF Planning’s Department’s handbook on building ADUs.

Accessory dwelling units (ADUs for short; also called in-laws, secondary units, or granny flats) have often been touted as a way to create “naturally” affordable housing (rather than being price-restricted, as traditional affordable housing is) and add density to the City with minimal impact to the character of neighborhoods.  CCHO’s stance has always been that even supposedly “naturally” affordable housing needs regulations and tenant protections to actually guarantee affordability for San Francisco residents.  Even developers and property owners building “naturally” affordable units won’t necessarily resist the temptation of a hot housing market and high rental prices.

Finally, however, we have an ADU measure that comes with these guarantees and protections baked in.

Supervisor Aaron Peskin introduced legislation this Tuesday that would allow property owners across San Francisco to create new legal ADUs – units with rent control and prohibited from being used as short-term rentals, or from canabalizing existing commercial space, or from being built in buildings that have evicted tenants, and prohibited from being subdivided and converted from rental units into mini spec condos.  These are exactly the regulations that CCHO called for in previous forms of ADU legislation last year, but unfortunately were rejected.

This is an impressive proposal to expand the supply of rent control housing through secondary units across the City, and it is good to see specific controls to ensure long-term affordability to serve the needs of low-income and middle-income residents.

Innovation + appropriate regulation.  ADUs Done Right.  Thank you, Supervisor Peskin.

Read the SF Examiner’s article on this legislation.